Feeling Social Security from the Viewpoint of Tourism Expansion
J. Hezar Jaribi
Received: 1 February 2010 / Accepted: 14 March 2011, 25-26 P
J. Hezar Jaribi ( * ), Associate Professor of Social Sciences, University of Allame Tabatabai, Tehran, Iran.
1- Intro duction
Increasing number of tourists lead to develop business and rise of revenues of companies and institutions which work in this field. Expansion of tourism particularly in less developed countries is an effective factor to encounter poverty and bring about increasing income of various social stratums, decreasing unemployment and economic and social prosperity. This article aims to know the level of feeling social security and interactions of people with foreign tourists. Results show positive and direct correlation between feeling social security and tourism. In another words feeling more social security, tourists compatibly would like to remain in Iran more or visit it again. In a comparison African tourist feel highest level of social security while Europeans feel lowest level of it. Result of chi square test (chi-square=14/557) in the significant level (0/086) indicates that there is no significant difference among all of foreign tourists.
Such similarity is common among basic variables such as age, sex and education. Moreover correlation coefficient of feeling social security and willingness to visit Iran again is equal to 0.569. Regarding the large numbers of passengers per year, tourism can present itself as a prominent and growing industry to the world. Its incomes share 17% of whole world exportation. In Europe, Spain's revenue is more than total revenue of the Middle East and Africa while Asia has been successful in attracting tourists. So in this article I want to focus on tourists (who visited Iran) and their level of feeling security.
The research method is social survey. The sample population is tourists who visited Iran during 2010.
The research hypotheses were tested by regression analysis method. Empirical findings indicate that correlation coefficient of feeling social security and willingness to visit Iran again is equal to 0.569.
The increase of variables which are related to social capital such as trust of foreign tourist to Iranians, feeling security, feeling hospitality and cooperation lead to international social participation and widespread cooperation. These are also main features of social life in international sphere which develop tourism.
Key words: Feeling social security, tourism expansion, tourist, social development
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